Kia Rio: Engine Control System / Variable Force Solenoid (VFS)

Kia Rio 2017-2021 YB Service Manual / Engine Control / Fuel System / Engine Control System / Variable Force Solenoid (VFS)

Description and operation
Description

Continuous Variable Valve Timing (CVVT) system advances or retards the valve timing of the intake and exhaust valve in accordance with the ECM control signal which is calculated by the engine speed and load.By controlling CVVT, the valve over-lap or under-lap occurs, which makes better fuel economy and reduces exhaust gases (NOx, HC) and improves engine performance through reduction of pumping loss, internal EGR effect, improvement of combustion stability, improvement of volumetric efficiency, and increase of expansion work.This system consist of the Variable Force Solenoid (VFS) which supplies the engine oil to the cam phaser or cuts the engine oil from the cam phaser in accordance with the ECM PWM (Pulse With Modulation) control signal, the Cam Phaser which varies the cam phase by using the hydraulic force of the engine oil.Variable force solenoid (VFS) [intake] changes its force depending on the PWM duty to control the stroke of the CVVT oil control valve (OCV) [intake] bolt. The delivered oil rotates the rotor connected to the camshaft of the cam pager and rotates the camshaft to the engine rotating direction (intake advanced / exhaust retarded) or the opposite direction (intake retarded / exhaust advanced) to change the phase angle of the cam.

Variable Force Solenoid (VFS) [Bank 1 / Intake]

Schematic diagrams
Circuit Diagram

Harness Connector

Repair procedures
Removal
1.

Turn ignition switch OFF and disconnect the battery negative (-) terminal

2.

Disconnect the VFS connector (A).

3.

Remove the mounting bolts (B), and then remove the VFS from the engine.

Variable force solenoid mounting bolt :

9.8 - 11.8 N·m (1.0 - 1.2 kgf·m, 7.2 - 8.7 lb·ft)

Installation
  

Install the component to the specified torque.

Note that internal damage may occur when the component is dropped. If the component has been dropped, inspect before installing

1.

Install in the reverse order of removal.

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