Kia Rio: Engine Control System / CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV)

Kia Rio 2017-2021 YB Service Manual / Engine Control / Fuel System / Engine Control System / CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV)

Specifications
Specification

CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV)

[Bank 1 / Exhaust]

Item
Specification
Coil Resistance (Ω)
6.9 ~ 7.9 [20°C(68°F)]
Control Current (mA)
100 ~ 1000
Reted Voltage (V)
12
Insulation resistance (MΩ)
50 [DC 500 V/1 Min]
Oil Pressure
bar
2.9 ~ 3.1
kPa
290 ~ 310
kgf/cm²
2.96 ~ 3.16
psi
42.1 ~ 44.96
Pin
2

Description and operation
Description

Continuous Variable Valve Timing (CVVT) system advances or retards the valve timing of the intake and exhaust valve in accordance with the ECM control signal which is calculated by the engine speed and load.

By controlling CVVT, the valve over-lap or under-lap occurs, which makes better fuel economy and reduces exhaust gases (NOx, HC) and improves engine performance through reduction of pumping loss, internal EGR effect, improvement of combustion stability, improvement of volumetric efficiency, and increase of expansion work.

This system consist of

-the CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV) which supplies the engine oil to the cam phaser or runs out the engine oil from the cam phaser in accordance with the ECM PWM (Pulse With Modulation) control signal,

-and the Cam Phaser which varies the cam phase by using the hydraulic force of the engine oil.

The engine oil getting out of the CVVT oil control valve varies the cam phase in the direction (Intake Advance/Exhaust Retard) or opposite direction (Intake Retard/Exhaust Advance) of the engine rotation by rotating the rotor connected with the camshaft inside the cam phaser.

Schematic diagrams
Circuit Diagram

Repair procedures
Inspection
1.

Turn the ignition switch OFF.

2.

Disconnect the OCV connector.

3.

Measure resistance between the OCV terminals 1 and 2.

4.

Check that the resistance is within the specification.

Specification: 6.9 - 7.9 Ω [20 °C (68 °F)]

Removal
1.

Turn the ignition switch OFF and disconnect the battery negative (-) cable.

2.

Disconnect the CVVT oil control valve connector (A).

3.

Remove the installation bolt, and then remove the valve (B) from the engine.

CVVT oil control valve installation bolt:

9.8 - 11.8 N.m (1.0 - 1.2 kgf.m, 7.2 - 8.7 lb-ft)

[Bank 1/Exhaust]

Installation
  

Install the component with the specified torques.

Note that internal damage may occur when the component is dropped. In this case, use it after inspecting.

Apply the engine oil to the valve O-ring.

1.

Installation is reverse of removal.

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